Tech Valley is deeply rooted in invention and innovation, from steam-powered boats to electronic communications to the latest in computer chip technology. Here is just a brief list of notable Tech Valley accomplishments:
Henry Hudson and Samuel de Champlain become Tech Valley's first two explorers. Hudson – employed by the Dutch – sails northward from Manhattan on the river that now bears his name. de Champlain explores northeastern New York for France.
Robert Fulton’s vessel, "Clermont,” the first steam-powered boat, successfully travels the Hudson River from New York City to Albany.
The first U.S. factory to make axes from cast steel is established by Daniel Simmons in Berne.
The Erie Canal opens.
America’s first railroad runs between Albany and Schenectady.
Joseph Henry pioneers the telegraph and electric motor in Albany.
The Egberts and Bailey Mill in Cohoes is the first building in America built to manufacture knit goods by power.
The first steel plant in the U.S. producing Bessmer steel is built in Troy.
An improved refrigerator design is patented by Thomas Elkins in Albany.
Thomas Edison relocates his manufacturing business, Edison Machine Works, to Schenectady.
Edison’s plant becomes the headquarters for General Electric, beginning GE's significant presence in the region that continues today.
Tungsten filament light bulb is patented.
Radio tuning device and X-ray tube is patented.
Incandescent electric lamp is invented.
The first radio broadcast originates from Union College in Schenectady.
In Schenectady, television is demonstrated publicly for the first time.
The Winter Olympic Games come to Lake Placid, establishing the Tech Valley village as the "Winter Sports Capital of the World."
Non-reflective glass is patented.
The first intravenous catheter specifically for the heart is developed by Norman Jeckel and Dr. Andre Cournand at C.R. Bard in Glens Falls. Dr. Cournand wins the Nobel Prize in medicine for his work.
Ralph Alpher – who worked in research and development at GE Global Research and taught physics at Union College – coauthored a paper that became the foundation for the Big Bang theory to explain the origin of the universe. Sixty years later he is awarded the National Medial of Science for his work.
First arterial prosthesis for replacement of diseased arteries is developed with Dr. Michael DeBakey.
First bipolar temporary pacing catheter for interim treatment of heart blockage is produced.
First latex balloon catheters are produced.
The world returns to Lake Placid for the 1980 Winter Olympic Games, which includes the "Miracle on Ice" hockey victory by the US over the USSR.
First patent ductus arteriousis device for treatment of congenital heart defects is produced.
The College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering at the University at Albany is established at the state-of-the-art Albany NanoTech complex. In five years, CNSE is recognized as the world's number one college for nanotechnology and microtechnology.
New York state and IBM launch the Center of Excellence in Nanoelectronics and Nanotechnology (CENN) at the University at Albany's College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering.
IBM opens a $2.5 billion computer chip plant in Tech Valley.
International SEMATECH calls Tech Valley home at a $405 million facility at Albany NanoTech.
Tokyo Electron establishes the $300 million Technology Center America at the CENN.
CNSE awards the world's first Ph.D. degrees in nanoscience.
ASML locates a $400 million research and development center, called International Multiphase Partnership for Lithography Science and Engineering (IMPLSE), at the CENN to develop nanoscale lithography technologies for future generations of nanochips.
$500 million Center for Semiconductor Research (CSR) at CNSE announced.
$500 million International Venture for Nanolithography (INVENT) initiative at the CENN announced.
Applied Materials establishes a $300 million research center at the CENN.
$435 million Institute for Nanoelectronics Discovery and Exploration (INDEX) at the CENN announced.
CNSE is ranked the nation's number one college for nanotechnology according to the annual University Rankings released by Small Times magazine.
AMD announces plans to build $3.2 billion chip fab in Tech Valley.
Rensselaer, IBM and New York state partner to create the world’s most powerful university-based supercomputing center, and, at the time, a top 10 supercomputing center of any kind in the world.
Less than six months after taking delivery of the world's first full-field extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography research and development tool from ASML, CNSE announces that it produced the world's first exposed images while using the tool in a development environment.
Technologists at SEMATECH's Mask Blank Development Center successfully detect and clean 10 nm particles from mask blanks for use in EUV lithography – pushing the technology another significant step toward readiness for advanced manufacturing.
International SEMATECH agrees to a major expansion of its presence in Tech Valley.
Small Times magazine ranks CNSE as the world's number one college for nanotechnology and microtechnology in its annual University Rankings. For the first time, the survey included colleges and universities from across the globe, rather than just in the U.S.
GE Healthcare announces plans for a $165 million plant that will manufacture state-of-the art digital X-ray mammography machines. The facility opens in 2009.
Rensselaer researchers develop a new, paper-thin energy storage device. The nanoengineered battery is lightweight, ultra thin, completely flexible, and geared toward meeting the trickiest design and energy requirements of tomorrow’s gadgets, implantable medical equipment, and transportation vehicles.
Tech Valley High School opens its door to its initial freshmen class marking the beginning of an innovative, public education program and the continuation of an unprecedented partnership between education, business and government.
Rensselaer researchers create the darkest material ever made by man. The material, a thin coating comprised of low-density arrays of loosely vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes, absorbs more than 99.9 percent of light and one day could be used to boost the effectiveness and efficiency of solar energy conversion, infrared sensors and other devices.
IBM assembles, tests and benchmarks the world's fastest supercomputer at its Poughkeepsie plant in Tech Valley. The machine will be used by the U.S. Dept. of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration.
IBM announces $1.5 billion investment in region that will create up to 1,000 new high-tech jobs; expand its operations at CNSE; create a new, advanced semiconductor packaging research and development center and upgrade its East Fishkill facility in Dutchess County.
GlobalFoundries breaks ground on its $4.2 billion chip fab, which is expected to be operational in 2012, at the Luther Forest Technology Campus.
General Electric Co. plans to build its new, state-of-the-art battery manufacturing plant on the GE Energy campus in Schenectady. The facilty will produce high energy density, sodium-based chemistry batteries for several industries including transportation mining, telecommunications and utility.
CNSE opens NanoFab East, an expansion of the Albany NanoTech complex that will support $1 billion in new investments and 600 new high-tech jobs by 2013. NanoFab East will host cutting-edge nanoelectronics research and development programs, business deployment and commercialization outreach initiatives for leading international companies.